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Basecoat New and Repaired Panels!

 



 
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Repair Procedure
Basecoat Refinishing
Content Topics

1 Basecoat Description
Are you being compensated for this important Full Basecoat Procedure?


2 Authoritative Oganizations and Technical Groups

2.1 ASA Position on Refinish and Basecoat
asa automotive service association photo
Basecoat and Refinish Time Procedures

2.2 Motors Guide

motor information systems graphic for reference
Motors guide to Basecoat Refinishing

2.3 PPG's Blend Panel Guide
ppg logo paint photo

ppg paint industries pic
Procedure and Recommendations


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2.3 Refinishing both new and repaired panels

ppg logo paint photo

ppg paint industries pic

PPG has developed standard process documents for refinishing both new and repaired panels. These documents provide a step-by-step overview of the necessary procedures and products that are required to properly refinish either type of panel. Originally intended for standardizing repair methods, these documents can be used to educate estimators/appraisers on the differences between the two types of refinish.

Here is the Procedure and Recommendations directly from PPG

Process – New Ecoat Panel   Process – Repaired Panel

1. Inspect part and repair any damage.

If bare metal is exposed apply etch primer (D8099) only to bare metal area.
2. Clean with wax and grease remover D837 to remove solvent soluble contaminants followed by SX1005 Waterborne Cleaner to remove water
soluble contaminants. Dry thoroughly.
3. DA sand black OEM primer with P400 grit Imperial Hookit II on painter pads (05251 & 05274). Remove as little e-coat as possible to attain a uniformly dull finish. All edges and hard to reach areas must be scuffed with a 3M maroon Scotch-Brite pad (07521).
4. Mask vehicle as necessary to protect vehicle from overspray
5. Blow away sanding dust while wiping with a clean cloth
6. Thoroughly wash off all traces of sanding paste with clean water
7. Clean with wax and grease remover D837 to remove solvent soluble contaminants followed by SX1005 Waterborne Cleaner to remove water
soluble contaminants.
8. Tack off all panels
9. Apply approved Sealer. Use G-Series Shades of Gray sealer D8085) recommended for the basecoat
color.
10. Apply number of coats of basecoat color as indicated by sprayout card
11. Lightly tack off all panels after sufficient flash time
12. Apply 2 coats of clear (D8150) to prepared areas.




"Understandably, the negotiation of labor time is more clear-cut if both parties have reached agreement using knowledge based on
available industry information relating to the repair of damaged vehicles."
... PPG



 
1. Featheredge paint – Initially DA sand the featheredge area with P320 grit Imperial Hookit II on (05251) pad, finish sanding using painter pads combo 05251 & 05274).
2. Scuff sand all recessed areas and panel edges with 3M maroon Scotch-Brite scuff pad (07521) for adhesion of primer surfacer
3. Apply Self Etching primer to bare metal areas (D8099).
4. Clean with wax and grease remover D837 to remove solvent soluble contaminants followed by SX1005
Waterborne Cleaner to remove water soluble contaminants. Dry thoroughly.
5. Mask vehicle as necessary to protect vehicle from overspray
6. Apply 2-3 coats of primer surfacer to the repair area
a. Apply surfacer just beyond edges of repair area to minimize size
b. Use reverse priming technique by covering the largest area with the first coat and the following coats within that area
c. Allow each coat to flash until uniformly dull before applying next coat
d. Allow the primer surfacer to air or force dry according to the product sheet for that surfacer
7. Apply 3M Dry Guide Coat over primer surfacer
8. Final sand the repaired area wherein color will be applied
a. Check hand block with P320 grit Imperial Hookit II for major imperfections
b. DA sand with P400 grit Imperial Hookit II on painter pads (05251 & 05274)
c. Finish DA sand with P600 grit Imperial Hookit II with (05251 & 05274) pads
9. Sand the remainder of the panel(s)
a. DA sand with damp 3M Trizact P800 grit (02063) on painter pads (05251 & 05274)
b. Hand sand all edges and areas where a DA won’t fit the damp 3M Trizact P800 grit affixed to a hand pad (05292)
c. Sand everywhere the clearcoat will go -
edge to edge of all panels involved
10. Blow away sanding dust while wiping with a clean cloth
11. Thoroughly wash off all traces of sanding paste with clean water
12. Clean with wax and grease remover D837 to remove solvent soluble contaminants followed by SX1005
Waterborne Cleaner to remove water soluble contaminants. Dry thoroughly.
13. Tack off all panels
14. Apply approved Sealer. Use G-Series Shades of Gray sealer( D8085) recommended for the basecoat
color
15. Apply number of coats of base color as indicated by sprayout card
16. Use color blender (D895)and blending solvent (D8753) on metallic colors
17. Lightly tack off all panels after sufficient flash time
18. Apply 2 coats of clear (D8150) to repaired areas
     
Materials – New Ecoat Panel   Materials – Repaired Panel

D8099 Etch Primer
D837 Wax and Grease Remover
SX1005 Waterborne Cleaner
D8085 Sealer
BC Basecoat Color
D8150 Clearcoat
3M maroon Scotch-Brite Pad (07521)
P400 Grit Sandpaper
05251 3M Hookit II Pad
05274 3M Hookit II Pad
Clean towels
Masking Materials
Tack Rag

 
D8099 Etch Primer
D837 Wax and Grease Remover
SX1005 Waterborne Cleaner
D8085 Sealer
BC Basecoat Color
D8150 Clearcoat
3M maroon Scotch-Brite Pad (07521)
P400 Grit Sandpaper
05251 3M Hookit II Pad
05274 3M Hookit II Pad
Clean towels
Masking Materials
Tack Rag
3M Dry Guide Coat
D8005 Primer Surfacer
D895 Color Blender
D8753 Blending Solvent
P320 Grit Sandpaper
P600 Grit Sandpaper
P800 Grit Sandpaper
Trizact P800 Grit Sandpaper
05292 3M Hand Sanding Pad

 


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